Dr. Hopfield, who is NACD Directorship certified, has served on our Board of Directors since July 2015 and served as our Lead Independent Director from August 2016 to January 2019. Dr. Hopfield serves on the Boards of Directors of Berkeley Lights, Editas Medicine (where she currently serves as Lead Independent Director) and Maravai and is a former Trustee and Chair of the Joslin Diabetes Center. Dr. Hopfield is a distinguished healthcare executive and diabetes expert with over two decades of experience in the medical and healthcare fields. She is a strategic advisor and investor in healthcare and technology firms seeking to commercialize innovative intellectual property. From 1995 to 2009, Dr. Hopfield was a Partner of McKinsey & Company in their global pharmaceuticals and medical devices practice and she served clients across pharmaceutical, biotech, medical device and consumer industries with a focus on strategy, R&D management and marketing. Dr. Hopfield also previously held management positions at Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. in clinical development, outcomes research, and marketing. She earned a Bachelor of Science from Yale College, a Master of Business Administration from Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration as a Baker Scholar, and a Doctor of Philosophy in Neuroscience/Biochemistry from The Rockefeller University. Dr. Hopfield brings proven experience in the diabetes field, along with vast executive and consulting experience in the healthcare, pharmaceutical, and medical device industries.